Allatoona Pass Battlefield & the Battle of Allatoona Pass
Allatoona Pass Battlefield is located near Cartersville in Bartow County, Georgia. The scene of the first battle of the Franklin
& Nashville Campaign, the park is open to the public daily. These photos illustrate key locations on the battlefield.
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Copyright 2011 & 2014 by Dale Cox
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Last Updated: April 24, 2014
Bartow County, Georgia
Allatoona Pass is seen here at the time of the Civil
War. The Deep Cut is ahead, the Star Fort was on the
ridge at left and Clayton House is seen at far left.
Roughly the same view as seen today shows the
Deep Cut straight ahead and the Clayton House at far
left. Trees obscure the ridge and earthworks.
The Clayton or Mooney House survived the battle and
was used as a hospital after the smoke cleared. It is
private and not open to the public.
State monuments pay tribute to the units that fought at
Allatoona Pass. Strangely, no Northern state has yet
placed a monument at the battlefield.
The Union infantry trenches that connected the
Eastern Redoubt to other key points on the ridge can
still be seen along the battlefield trail.
The battlefield trial follows the Tennessee Wagon
Road up the mountain. The Civil War era road
connected Sandtown near Atlanta with Chattanooga.
The Eastern Redoubt was one of two key forts built by
the Union army to defend Allatoona Pass. Now
covered with trees, the earthworks are well preserved.
The Deep Cut was excavated through 175 feet of
solid rock to provide a usable grade for the trains of
the Western & Atlantic Railroad.
The trail, which follows a military road cut by Union
troops along the top of the ridge, here crosses the
bed of the old Tennessee Wagon Road.
The headquarters of the 4th Minnesota stood on this
site atop the ridge. It was here that Lt. Col. Tourtelotte
received the messages that inspired "Hold the Fort."
The 12th Illinois held this section of trenches against
attacks by a brigade of Mississippi troops. The
Confederates were unable to take these defenses.
Men from the 35th and 39th Mississippi became
trapped in this gully during the battle. Among the 80
prisoners taken here was Col. R.J. Durr of the 39th.
A wooden foot bridge crossed the top of the Deep Cut
during the Civil War and was used to move Union
troops back and forth during the battle.
This view shows the interior of the Star Fort.
Confederates attacked these works four times but
were unable to reach the walls.
This photo shows the exterior ditch and earthen walls
of the Star Fort. The ditch was six feet deep at the time
of the battle and the ramparts were six feet high.
The battlefield trail enters the sally port of the Star
Fort. A large earthwork with multiple angles, the fort
was a center of massive fighting during the battle.