Battle of Roanoke
The Georgia town of Roanoke
was wiped out in one of the
opening scenes of the war.
Battle of Hobdy's Bridge
This battle on the Pea River
was the last major battle of
the Creek War of 1836-1837
in Alabama.
The Creek War of 1836 in Alabama, Georgia and Florida
ExploreSouthernHistory.com - The Creek War of 1836
ExploreSouthernHistory.com - The Creek War of 1836
Reminder of an American Tragedy
A special ceremonial flame memorial stands near
Fort Mitchell, Alabama, as a reminder of the tragic
events of the Creek Trail of Tears.
Last Stand of the Creek Nation
During the years 1836-1837, a brutal war
was waged for control of the last remaining
lands of the Creek Nation east of the
Mississippi River. The war initiated one of the
greatest tragedies in American history, the
Creek Trail of Tears.

The Creek Nation had been greatly reduced
in size by the Treaty of Fort Jackson, signed
at the end of the Creek War of 1813-1814.
More land was lost due to the controversial
Treaty of 1826. Then, much to the chagrin of
many in the Nation, some leaders signed a
final treaty giving up the territorial integrity of
their people.

Outrageous frauds followed, as white
speculators swarmed into the nation buying
up or fraudulently stealing land rights from
individual Creek families. Squatters moved
onto Indian lands, often forcing families from
their own homes. The Creeks appealed to
Washington for help and President Andrew
Jackson sent Francis Scott Key, the writer of
the
National Anthem to investigate. Key found
whole towns growing on Indian lands and
documented numerous cases of fraud.

The situation, however, was out of control
and despite the efforts of Key and Deputy
U.S. Marshal Jeremiah Austill, the flood of
whites pouring into the Creek Nation could
not be stopped. Tensions grew and as Creek
leaders expressed their outrage over the
situation, speculators began to foment tales
of a planned uprising in the Nation.

They got what the wanted. In the spring of
1836, the Yuchi, Hitchiti and other bands
launched a campaign to drive white intruders
from their lands. Led by the Yuchi warrior Jim
Henry and the aging Hitchiti chief Neamathla,
the war parties burned homes and farms,
killed whole families, disrupted the mail
stages and destroyed the town of Roanoke,
Georgia by burning it to the ground.

Panic spread throughout the region. Settlers
fled into Columbus, Georgia, and rumors of
a planned attack on the city kept the people in
terror. Armies soon converged on the Creek
Nation, led by Major General Winfield Scott.

To learn more please follow the links below:
Shepherd's Plantation
A monument marks  the site
of the Battle of Shepherd's
Plantation, Georgia.
Fort Mitchell, Alabama
The fort in Russell County
was the starting point of the
Creek Trial of Tears.
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Copyright 2011 by Dale Cox
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