Site of Monroe's Charge
The "gallant and desperate"
Confederate charge ran east
to west along Dickson Street,
visible here just behind the
Confederate Dead
The graves of Southern
soldiers killed in the battle
can be found here at the
Confederate Cemetery.
The Battle of Fayetteville, Arkansas - Confederate Reports - The Battle of Fayetteville, Arkansas - The Battle of Fayetteville, Arkansas
The following excerpts are from The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official
Records of the Union and Confederate Armies
, Series I, Volume 22, Part One (pages 305-308).

Report of Brig. Gen. W.L. Cabell, C.S.A.

April 25, 1863

…I took all the effective mounted men of my command, except three companies of Colonel [J.
F.] Hill’s battalion (that are badly armed and with horses unshod), with two pieces of artillery,
the whole amounting to 900 men, and left here at 3 o’clock on the 16th, going by what is called
the Mulberry and Frog Bayou road to Fayetteville, and attacked the enemy there at 5 a.m. on the
18th.  I found the enemy about 2,000 strong, well armed with Springfield and Whitney rifles, no
artillery, and nearly every hill dotted with rifle-pits. After a furious fight of three hours and ten
minutes, I withdrew my command in good order. I found it impossible, with the arms I had,
after my artillery ammunition was exhausted, to dislodge them from the houses and rifle-pits
with the kind of arms my command had without losing all my horses and a large number of my
men, as it was impossible to get near enough to them to make our aim effective without a
great sacrifice of life, much greater than would have been justifiable under the circumstances.

The troops, with few exceptions, all fought well, and are now in fine spirits, ready and willing to
try the enemy again. The enemy all (both infantry and cavalry) fought well, equally as well as
any Federal troops I have ever seen. Although it was thought by a great many that, composed
as they are of disloyal citizens and deserters from our army, they would make but a feeble
stand, the reverse, however, was the case, as they resisted every attack made on them, and,
as fast as driven out of one house, would occupy another and deliver their fire. Whenever,
however, my troops could get to them they drove them before them every time. Colonel [J.C.]
Monroe made two splendid charges with his command, one on foot and the other mounted.
Colonel [Lee L.] Thomson, with his regiment, and [Caleb] Dorsey, with his squadron, under
Colonel Scott, made a dashing charge and drove the enemy to their pits and to the houses,
where they rallied and poured in a dreadful fire with their long-range guns. The artillery,
managed by Captain [W.M.] Hughey, under my immediate command, did frightful execution in
the enemy’s camp, driving them out and completely scattering their cavalry for awhile. Captain
Hughey was wounded in the arm by a sharpshooter at the commencement of the action, but
continued in charge of his pieces, under a heavy fire from the enemy’s sharpshooters, during
the whole fight. His men were all taken a little over a month ago from the camp of instruction at
Dardanelle, and, with one or two exceptions, did well.

Two horses were killed and 2 wounded in the battery; 1 man killed and several wounded.
Captain Hughey deserves special mention for his bravery, skill, and energy in the
management of his two pieces of artillery.

The loss is not positively known, but it will not exceed 20 killed, 30 wounded and 20 missing.
The enemy’s loss in killed is fully equal to our total killed and wounded; the wounded were
very great. We captured and paroled 26 prisoners, 1 lieutenant, 1 non-commissioned officer,
and 24 privates; also destroyed a train of 10 or 15 wagons. I could have burned a large part of
the town, but every house was filled with women and children, a great number of whom were
the families of officers and soldiers in our service, and I did not deem it advisable to distress
them any further, as their sufferings are now very grievous under the Federal rule.

…I withdrew with the hope that they would follow me, and fell back slowly, hoping that I could
get them out of the houses and rifle-pits, as I could have whipped them badly. They did not
follow, nor evince any desire to do so. I came leisurely back to this place, in good order, to feed
my horses, that had had but one day’s forage since the morning of the 16th, and also to have
them shod and allow them a few days’ rest, the distance marched, over mountains, rocks, &c.,
being nearly 150 miles.
East Mountain
Confederate artillery placed
on this ridge proved highly
effective until the guns ran
short on ammunition.
Headquarters House
This is approximately the
same view of the Union
headquarters that
Confederate soldiers had at
the height of their advance.
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Copyright 2011 by Dale Cox
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