Civil War on Mobile Bay
Mobile Bay was a major port
during the Civil War and was
the focus of heavy fighting in
Battleship U.S.S. Alabama
The World War II battleship is
now the focal point of a park
dedicated to the veterans of
the state of Alabama. - Historic Sites of Mobile, Alabama - Historic Sites of Mobile, Alabama
Mobile, Alabama - Historic Sites & Points of Interest
Mobile, Alabama
The rising skyline of Mobile can be seen from the
decks of the Battleship
U.S.S. Alabama.
French Colony to Modern City
The beautiful and historic city of Mobile is a
growing and progressive metropolitan with a
rich past. The major gateway to the Alabama
Gulf Coast, Mobile is a popular destination
for heritage and eco-tourism.

Founded in 1702 by the French, the city was
once the capital of French Louisiana. The
original site, up the Mobile River from the
modern city, proved ill-suited due to disease
and flooding, so Mobile was relocated to its
present site in 1711. Although the capitol
was relocated to Biloxi in 1720, Mobile
remained a vital French settlement and port.

With defense a critical priority, the French
began construction of
Fort Conde on the
Mobile waterfront in 1723. The fort protected
the city for nearly 100 years and over its
history was occupied by French, British,
Spanish and eventually American troops.

Turned over to the British at the end of the
French and Indian War in 1763, Mobile and
Fort Conde (now renamed Fort Charlotte)
became a key battleground of the American
Revolution. Led by the Spanish General
Bernardo de Galvez, an army laid siege to
Mobile in the
Battle of Fort Charlotte. The
British surrendered and the city became a
Spanish possession.

Mobile changed hands again in 1813, when
the United States arrived in the form of
General James Winchester. U.S. troops
occupied the city during the War of 1812 and
a British effort to capture it was turned back at
Fort Bowyer (now
Fort Morgan) at the mouth
of Mobile Bay. It was from Mobile that Andrew
Jackson marched before the Battle of New
Orleans in 1814.

By the time of the Civil War, Mobile had
become a major coastal port. The commerce
of much of Alabama's large plantation belt
came downstream to Mobile for export to
ports on both the Atlantic Seaboard and

Confederate forces quickly moved to occupy
and defend the city in 1861. Mobile remained
an important port for Southern blockade
runners until August 5, 1864, when the fleet
of Admiral David Farragut steamed  between
Fort Morgan and Fort Gaines and opened the
Battle of Mobile Bay.

The battle is remembered today for Admiral
Farragut's famed command of "Damn the
torpedoes! Full speed ahead!" It closed
Mobile Bay as a Confederate port but it would
take a
major land campaign and battles at
Fort Blakeley and Spanish Fort before the city
itself finally fell to Union troops.

Mobile grew rapidly in the years after the Civil
War and remains a major port city today. The
area played a key role in supporting American
forces during World War II and its citizens
contributed heavily to the effort to save the
historic World War II battleship
Alabama. Now the centerpiece of a beautiful
memorial park on the shores of Mobile Bay,
Alabama has been visited by more than
13 million people over the years.

Mobile today is a major Alabama industrial
center, but also retains the charm of its 300
year history. Historic homes and structures
dot the landscape and the city is the major
gateway to Alabama's beautiful white sand
beaches. Historic forts and battlefields line
the bay and the area has also become a
major destination for eco-tourism.

Please click here to learn more about Mobile
and the Mobile Bay area.
Fort Conde
This partially reconstructed
French fort serves as the
official Welcome Center for
the city of Mobile, Alabama.
Sunset over Mobile Bay
The beautiful waters of Mobile
Bay are among the natural
wonders of the greater Mobile
Gateway to the Gulf
Mobile is a major gateway to
the spectacular and historic
white sand beaches of the
Alabama Gulf Coast.
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Copyright 2011 by Dale Cox
All rights reserved.