Battle of Buckhead Creek - Jenkins County, Georgia
|Battle of Buckhead Creek
The cavalry action at Buckhead Church (also called
Buckhead Creek) was an action of Sherman's March
to the Sea. Big Buckhead Church survived the fight.
Battle of Buckhead Creek
The church likely first met
before the Revolutionary War
and was the scene of a sharp
action of the March to the Sea.
The creek, which gives the
church its name, was a key
feature of the battle between
Wheeler and Kilpatrick.
Battle of Buckhead Creek - Jenkins County, GA
Action at Buckhead Church
|Copyright 2014 by Dale Cox
All rights reserved.
Last Updated: April 18, 2014
Civil War in Georgia
Civil War Breastworks
These low ridges of dirt near
Big Buckhead Church were
thrown up by soldiers during
the battle. They have survived
for 150 years.
Buckhead Church Cemetery
The old burial ground is
across the road from the
church and all but hidden by
the woods. Fighting took
The Battle of Buckhead Creek (also called
the Action at Buckhead Church) took place on
November 28, 1864. It was part of Sherman's
March to the Sea.
The fight took place at Buckhead Creek and
within sight of Big Buckhead Church, a noted
landmark in Jenkins County, Georgia. The
church still stands in the Perkins Community
about 7.5 miles from Millen.
The battle took place as the massive army of
Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman burned its
was through Georgia in the fall of 1864. With
Atlanta in ashes, Sherman's men carved a
swath of destruction and terror as they
marched to Savannah and the sea.
Hoping to free thousands of Union prisoners
of war from Camp Lawton, a prison stockade
at Magnolia Springs in Millen, Sherman sent
a large cavalry force under Brig. Gen. Judson
"Kill Cavalry" Kilpatrick to burn the railroad
bridge over Briar Creek and then advance on
Kilpatrick drove north from the left wing of the
main army on November 24, 1864. The plan
was for him trick Confederates into thinking
that Sherman was advancing on Augusta. As
Southern forces concentrated to defend the
important military industrial complex there,
Sherman would continue his drive for the
coast while Kilpatrick destroyed the railroad
bridge over Briar Creek and liberated the
prisoners at Camp Lawton.
The plan succeeded in part. Kilpatrick's move
caused Confederate forces to concentrate at
Augusta, but Maj. Gen. Joseph "Fighting Joe"
Wheeler soon realized that the Union move
was a feint. He pushed south from Augusta
and reached Briar Creek just in time to stop
Kilpatrick from destroying the bridge.
Having learned that the prisoners of war had
been removed from Camp Lawton by the
Confederates, Kilpatrick began to withdraw
back to Sherman's main army. Wheeler
On the night of November 27, 1864, the
Union force camped near Buckhead Creek.
Wheeler's Confederates caught them there
early the next morning and attacked.
Big Buckhead Church
Civil War fighting took place
on sacred ground during the
Battle of Buckhead Creek.
The site is near Waynesboro,