Fort Scott, Georgia
Jackson left Fort Scott near
today's Lake Seminole in
March of 1818.
"Provision Bluff"
Hungry U.S. soldiers met their
supply boats here, dubbing
the site "Provision Bluff."
Andrew Jackson at Alum Bluff - Liberty County, Florida
ExploreSouthernHistory.com - Apalachicola Bluffs and Ravines Preserve, Florida
ExploreSouthernHistory.com - Apalachicola Bluffs and Ravines Preserve, Florida
The Apalachicola River at Alum Bluff
Andrew Jackson's army met long-awaited supply
boats here during the First Seminole War.
First Seminole War of 1817-1818
During the winter of 1817-1818, the normally
peaceful waters of the
Apalachicola River
were darkened by blood.

Red Stick Creek warriors who had fled to the
region following the
Creek War of 1813-1814
formed an alliance with the Seminoles of
Florida and engaged in a brutal conflict
remembered today as the First Seminole
War. After an initial wave of success, the
warriors were forced to the comfort of their
villages by severe winter weather in late 1817.

When the fighting resumed in the spring of
1818, the tide of the war shifted. The U.S.
Government ordered Major General Andrew
Jackson, the hero of New Orleans, to the
frontier and authorized him to invade Spanish
Florida in his prosecution of the war.

Leaving Fort Scott, Georgia, on March 10,
1818, Jackson crossed the line into Florida
and pushed down the east bank of the
Apalachicola River. His troops were on the
verge of starvation and had only three days
rations of parched corn and pork when they
left Fort Scott. By the time they reached
Alum
Bluff on the 13th, the army's food was almost
completely exhausted.

To the delight of the soldiers, however, the
view from the top of the bluff revealed long-
awaited supply boats slowly making way up
the river. Jubilation spread through the army
as the soldiers hungrily ate the handfuls of
parched corn they had saved as a last resort
as they waited for food and other supplies to
be unloaded from the boats. To celebrate
their good fortune, the men dubbed the site
"Provision Bluff."
Fort Gadsden, Florida
After leaving Alum Bluff, the
army moved downstream to
Prospect Bluff where they built
a new outpost named Fort
Gadsden.
In addition to celebrating their good fortune,
the soldiers also captured three Seminole
warriors at Alum Bluff. Volleys of fire broke
out when one of these tried to escape,
raising fears among some of the men that
the army had been attacked. The unfortunate
warrior fell dead, riddled with bullets.

Jackson's army camped at Alum Bluff on the
night of March 13, 1818, then continued its
march down the Apalachicola on the next
morning. The soldiers reached Prospect
Bluff, the site of the former
"Negro Fort" on
the Apalachicola, on the 16th. There they built
Fort Gadsden, a new outpost that would
serve as a base for their Florida operations.
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Copyright 2011 by Dale Cox
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